In 1992 the EC regulation n. 1973, on the basis of two Comunitarian Directives, 79/409/CEE (Birds Directive) and 92/43/CEE (Habitat Directive) established a financial tool called LIFE in order to contribute to the development of the environmental European policyIt's the only, specific financial instrument dedicated exclusively to the environment, by means of which about 1000 projects have been financed, within three different Communitarian programs: Life I from 992 to 1995,l Life II from 1995 to 2000 and Life III from 2000 to 2006.?The new program, called LIFE+, has been published in June 2007 with a global financial budget of 2.143 millions euro covering the period from January 1st 2007 to December 31st 2013.
The total budget amount has been divided in three macro areas:
LIFE+ Nature & Biodiversity
The Nature & biodiversity cofinances projects aiming to preserve the habitat and the animal species relevant to the EC, to actualize the politics and the Communitarian legislation about the Nature and the Biodiversity, especially the Directives 79/409/CEE and 92/43/CEE, to support a further development and implementation of the Nature 2000 network. In addition, it co-finances innovative or demonstration projects that contribute to the implementation of the objectives of Commission Communication (COM (2006) 216 final) on "Halting the loss of biodiversity by 2010 - and beyond". At least 50percent of the LIFE+ budget for project co-financing must be dedicated to LIFE+ Nature and Biodiversity projects.
LIFE+ Environment Policy & Governance
The Environment Policy & Governance component continues and extends the former LIFE Environment programme. It co-finances innovative or pilot projects that contribute to the implementation of European environmental policy and the development of innovative policy ideas, technologies, methods and instruments. It also helps monitor pressures (including the long-term monitoring of forests and environmental interactions) on our environment.
LIFE+ Information & Communication
This new component co-finances projects relating to communication and awareness raising campaigns on environmental, nature protection or biodiversity conservation issues, as well as projects related to forest fire prevention (awareness raising, special training).